What are the bodies of a Buddha? (Subtitles: EN-ES-DE-NL-IT-PT)

What are the bodies of a Buddha? (Subtitles: EN-ES-DE-NL-IT-PT)

As we all know we have a body and we have a mind. But not only we have a body and a mind; actually body and mind are inseparable. We have three levels of body, three levels of mind, which is a gross body, subtle body, very subtle body, gross mind, subtle mind, very subtle mind. The gross body is the basis… where the gross mind stands. Which means when something happens in the gross body, it directly influences the gross mind. So if I have a physical problem in my body this would… automatically affect my mind. And actually what happens in the gross mind also affects an influences also the gross body. Then we have a subtle body and a subtle mind, which is also… both together. And a very subtle body and a very subtle mind, okay. When we look at a Buddha… all the qualities that we see in the Buddhas, that are explained from the Buddhas… actually, they have the correspondent also in us. That we are sentient beings, not yet enlightened. So once we reach enlightenment,… which means once we develop our qualities to their maximum potential, and purify and… eliminate completely each and every negativity… we will still have a gross body, a subtle body and a very subtle body. We will still have a gross mind, a subtle mind and a very subtle mind. These three levels, they are always present, of body speech and mind. Actually there is also speech together. But today we are talking only about body and mind to make it more simple. Okay? So… The very subtle body and mind are… the part which goes from life to life, which means, when we die the very subtle mind together with the very subtle body leaves our gross body and manifests in what is called the Bardo, an intermediate state, and after it takes rebirth. The subtle body, it’s basically our energy body… let’s call it like that, with channels, winds and drops – prana. More, let’s say, our non-manifested emotions and thoughts. And the gross mind is the part of our conceptual… thoughts and the manifested part of our mind. For example, when I am feeling angry, that’s part of the gross mind. When I’m feeling loved it is part of the gross mind. The love that I am not feeling but I do have, that’s part of my subtle mind. To make it simple. And the gross body is the body as we know it, okay. So when we talk of their common state, we just call it: body and mind, gross, subtle, very subtle. When we reach enlightenment – a Buddha – a Buddha also has these three levels of bodies and mind. But there is a specific name that is given to it. So the very subtle body and mind is called the Dharmakaya. Kaya means body, Dharma means essence; the essence body of a Buddha. So the Dharmakaya is the very subtle body and mind of a Buddha. It mostly refers to the very subtle mind, but we need to remember that body and mind always go together. Then there is the Sambhogakaya, which is called the enjoyment body. Kaya: always body, Sambhogakaya: the enjoyment body. Long Ku in Tibetan. The enjoyment body is actually the subtle body of a Buddha. It goes together with the subtle mind. And when we have the Nirmanakaya, or body of emanation, or emanation body… it is actually the gross body of a Buddha that goes together with the gross mind. So this is the meaning; when we talk about Nirmanakaya, it is the body through which a Buddha can manifest himself, that we can see and relate to. The Sambhogakaya can only be seen by highly realized beings, such as… Bodhisattvas on a very high level; highly realized beings. They can realize (relate) to a subtle body of a Buddha. And a very subtle body and mind of a Buddha; only another Buddha can see. So this is what is the meaning normally of the… Dharmakaya, Sambhogakaya and Nirmanakaya, putting it into simple words.

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About the Author: Emmet Marks


  1. Excelente eplicação. Sempre achei dificil de entender os kayas. E Vajrakaya e Abhisambodhikaya? São corpos mas aspectos? Não entendo isso direito…

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